Spiralyne Blog

Spirulina reduces ageing of the brain

Diets rich in antioxidants like spirulina, reduce ageing to the brain.

Read more at: http://www.jneurosci.org/content/22/14/6114.full.pdf

Blue smarties are back thanks to spirulina

Nestle Rowntree have brought back blue smarties thanks to spirulina.

Read more at: http://www.foodnavigator.com/Financial-Industry/Blue-Smarties-are-back-thanks-to-Spirulina

Spirulina Space Food


NASA and the European Space Agency are studying spirulina as optimum food for astronauts due to its remarkable nutritional values.

Read more at: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMQTE1D

1 serving of Spiralyne spirulina has more antioxidant activity than 5 servings of fruit and vegetables.

Our spirulina is checked and verified by an on-site laboratory.

Directions of use

Adults: Recommended daily intake is three (3) to six (6) tablets per day.

Teenagers: Recommended daily intake is two (2) to four (4) tablets per day.

Children: Recommended daily intake is up to two (2) tablets per day.

It is recommended to take Spiralyne spirulina tablets in the morning with some orange juice because the vitamin C helps with the absorption of the nutrients in spirulina.

Tip: You can crush the tablets into a powder and add to yogurt. The yogurt will turn green. Add natural honey for taste.

Spiralyne spirulina tablets (arthrospira platensis) are a food that can be incorporated into your diet to form a healthy, varied and balanced diet.

Precaution: As a precaution if you have suffer from phenylketonuria (PKU) avoid taking spirulina. People with this rare condition cannot metabolize phenylalanine (an amino acid). Spirulina is rich in all amino acids, including phenylalanine.

According to the University of Maryland Medical Center there have been no reported interactions between spirulina and any conventional medication.

Please note, advice and information provided is for general guidance only. Recommendations made can depend on your lifestyle. You may require more or less nutrients than stated (applies to GDAs and RDAs). Information provided is not to be taken as medical advice. People with medical problems or questions should consult a health professional. Information provided on this website is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Spiralyne spirulina tablets can help maintain a good level of personal wellbeing; with a variety of powerful antioxidants, vitamins and minerals that help you achieve optimum nutrition to keep you feeling great and healthy. Spiralyne spirulina tablets can enhance your body’s immunity against viruses.

Spiralyne spirulina tablets contain powerful antioxidants including; C-phycocyanin1, chlorophyll, zeaxanthin and beta carotene. The human brain is uniquely vulnerable to oxidative injury. Antioxidants can inhibit the oxidation of molecules which can create free radicals. Free radicals cause oxidative damage. Antioxidants are frequently used to treat forms of brain injury2.

• Spirulina contains C-phycocyanin; a powerful antioxidant found only in spirulina and other blue-green microalgae. C-phycocyanin has significant immune enhancing and anti-viral properties. Results from research on C-phycocyanin indicate an increase in resistance to infectious diseases3.


• Zeaxanthin can protect eyes as they age; people with low levels of lutein and zeaxanthin in their macular (eye) are more likely to develop macular disease4.

Beta carotene can be converted to vitamin A5, which is necessary for normal skin6, normal vision7 and for the immune system8.

Spirulina can help your body’s immune system; the calcium spirulan, a compound contained in spirulina, has been found to be very effective against numerous viruses910. A Japanese study found that those taking spirulina showed a significant improvement in immune markers11.



1S. Farooq, A. Ebrahim, K. Subramhanya, R. Sakthirel, N. Rajesh & P. Varalakshmi. “Oxalate mediated nephronal impairement and its inhibition by c-phycocyanin: A study on urolithic rats.” Dep. Of Med. Biochem., University of Madras, India 284:95-101, 2006

2Wilson J, Gelb A (2002). “Free radicals, antioxidants, and neurologic injury: possible relationship to cerebral protection by anesthetics“. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 14 (1): 66–79. doi:10.1097/00008506-200201000-00014. PMID 11773828

3Nemoto-Kawamura C, Hirahashi T, Nagai T, Yamada H, Katoh T, Hayashi O (2004) “Phycocyanin enhances secretary IgA antibody response and suppresses IgE antibody response in mice immunized with antigen-entrapped biodegradable microparticles.” J Nutri Sci Vitaminol 50(2) 129-136

4Macular Disease Society, 11/11/10. http://www.maculardisease.org/page.asp?section=220&sectionTitle=Nutrition

5Institute of Medicine Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium and zinc. Washington D.C. National Academy Press, 2001.

6Institute of Medicine Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium and zinc. Washington D.C. National Academy Press, 2001.

7Institute of Medicine Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium and zinc. Washington D.C. National Academy Press, 2001.

8Institute of Medicine Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium and zinc. Washington D.C. National Academy Press, 2001.

9Hayashi K, Hayashi T, Kojima I (1996) “A natural sulphated polysaccharide, calcium spirulan, isolated from spirulina platensis: In vitro and ex vitro evaluation of anti-herpes simplex virus and anti-human immunodeficiency virus activities.” Aids Res Human Retroviruses 12(15) 1463-1471

10Hayashi T, Hayashi K, Maeda M, Kojima I (1996) “Calcium spirulan, an inhibitor of enveloped virus replication, from a blue-green alga spirulina platensis.” J Nat Prod 59(1) 83-87

11Hirashi T, Matsumoto M, Hazeki K, Seaki Y, Ui M, Seay T (22020 “Activation of the human innate immune system by spirulina: augmentation of interferon production and NK cytotoxicity by oral administration of hot water extract of spirulina platensis.” Internat Immunopharmacol 2(4) 423-434

Spirlayne spirulina tablets contain Vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 contributes to normal energy production.

Spiralyne spirulina tablets can act as a natural energy boost to combat fatigue and can help with mental concentration.

Spirulina is the richest natural wholefood source of complete protein (containing all the essential amino acids) in the world and because spirulina has no hard cell walls, it is much easier to digest than other plant foods.

High-protein foods like spirulina are known to increase energy1234.

A study5 (Kalafati M, et al.) published by the official journal of the American College of Sports Medicine, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise showed that spirulina induced a significant increase in exercise performance and fat oxidation. In the study, nine moderately trained males took part in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, counterbalanced study. Each subject received 6 grams of spirulina or 6 grams placebo for 4 weeks. Each subject ran on a treadmill at an intensity of 70-75% of their VO2max for 2 hours and then at 95% VO2max to exhaustion. Time to exhaustion was significantly longer after spirulina supplementation; 2.05 minutes and 2.7 minutes with spirulina supplementation (above).

Ingestion of spirulina increased fat oxidation rate by 10.9% during the 2 hour run compared with the placebo trial (left). The antioxidant properties of spirulina may have resulted in increased fat oxidation, which then may have resulted in an increased exercise performance.



V.R. Young: Laboratory of Human Nutrition, School of Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA 02142-1308, USA for the United Nations University. “Protein-Energy Interactions“.

Samonds, K.W., Hegsted, D.M.: “Protein deficiency and energy restriction in young cebus monkeys.” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 75, 1600-1604 (1978).

Coyer, P.A., Rivers, J.P.W., Millward, D.J.: “The effect of dietary protein and energy restriction on heat production and growth costs in the young rat.” Br. J. Nutr., 58, 73-85 (1987).

Ausman, L.M., Gallini D:L., Hegsted, D.M.: “Protein-calorie malnutrition in squirrel monkeys: adaptive response to calorie deficiency.” Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 50, 19-29 (1989).

5 KALAFATI, MARIA1,2; JAMURTAS, ATHANASIOS Z.1,2; NIKOLAIDIS, MICHALIS G.1,2; PASCHALIS, VASSILIS1,2; THEODOROU, ANASTASIOS A.1,2; SAKELLARIOU, GIORGOS K.1,2; KOUTEDAKIS, YIANNIS1,2,3; KOURETAS, DIMITRIS4, “Ergogenic and Antioxidant Effects of Spirulina Supplementation in Humans“,Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:January 2010 – Volume 42 – Issue 1 – pp 142-151

Healthy Eating

What is a healthy diet and lifestyle?
Most experts agree that eating a healthy balanced diet, with the nutrientsyour body requires and sufficient exercise can improve and maintain your health. The Foods Standards Agency and the Department of Health have eight recommendations for a healthy lifestyle. They are to:
1. Base your meals on starchy foods,
2. eat lots of fruit and vegetables,
3. eat more fish,
4. cut down on saturated fat and sugar,
5. try to eat less salt – no more than 6g a day,
6. get active and try to be a healthy weight,
7. drink plenty of water and,
8. don’t skip breakfast.

In the UK, recommendations for physical activity vary. They include: At least 60 minutes moderate intensity exercise every day for children. At least 30 minutes moderate intensity activity on five or more days a week for the adult population.Between 45 and 60 minutes moderate intensity physical activity each day to prevent obesity. Unhealthy diets and a lack of physical activity are major factors for chronic diseases as they can lead to overweight and obesity.

It is very important that you have sufficient rest. Many people do not have enough rest. A lack of rest can lead to health problems. Furthermore, having enough rest can help you perform better.

What is a balanced diet?
A balanced diet is important to maintain health and a good body weight. You should eat a variety of foods that will provide all the essential nutrients that the body needs to be healthy and function efficiently. The required nutritional intake of a person varies and depends on the balance of food that is eaten and what food is eaten, as well as on the needs of the individual. A diet which has a good variety of different foods is more likely to provide all the essential nutrients your body should need.

What are the essential nutrients?
The human body needs energy to perform at its optimum, so it is important to strike the right balance between the amounts of carbohydrates, proteins and fats intake. An excessive intake of fat can lead to being overweight and potential serious health problems. An excess in sugars can lead to dental problems. An insufficient intake of proteins can lead to problems of growth and body repair.
It is important to eat a variety of foods including fruits & vegetables to ensure your body has sufficient minerals and vitamins and other nutrients to perform at its optimum.

How can I check if my diet is balanced?
Most foods can be part of a healthy diet – you just have to strike the right balance and have the right variety of foods. The ‘Eatwell plate’ is a food guide produced by the Food Standards Agency to help people better understand and enjoy healthy eating. In addition, the Government has issued eight tips for good health:
1. Base your meals on starchy foods,
2. eat lots of fruit and vegetables,
3. eat more fish,
4. cut down on saturated fat and sugar,
5. try to eat less salt – no more than 6g a day,
6. get active and try to be a healthy weight,
7. drink plenty of water and,
8. don’t skip breakfast.

The ‘Eatwell plate’ below from the Food Standards Agency illustrates a balanced diet:

© Crown copyright. Source: The Food Standards Agency.
Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and Queen’s Printer for Scotland. We do not claim to be endorsed by any Government or Public Sector Organisation. This material is displayed for guidance and illustrative purposes only.

The ‘Eatwell plate’ is divided into five food groups: bread, cereals and potatoes, fruit and vegetables, milk and dairy foods, meat, fish and alternatives, and foods containing fat and foods containing sugar. It recommends the proportion and types of foods needed to make up a healthy diet. Foods from the larger groups should be eaten most often in the greater amounts and foods from the smaller group should be eaten least often and in the smaller amounts.

The key message is the importance of striking a good balance and having a variety of foods in your diet to achieve and maintain good health.


Spiralyne spirulina tablets contain powerful antioxidants. Antioxidants can inhibit the oxidation of other molecules, which is important because oxidation reactions can produce free radicals. And free radicals can cause oxidative stress and damage to DNA, RNA and cell structures.

When you exercise, your oxygen consumption increases more than 10 times1. Consequently, there is a significant increase in the production of oxidants that can damage cell structures and can contribute to muscular fatigue. Taking spirulina can increase the amount of intense exercise you can do and it may reduce the amount of muscle damage23thanks to the variety of antioxidants in spirulina.

Spirulina has cardiovascular benefits; it contains the rare essential fatty acid, Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), which promotes good health. According to a clinical trial in Korea, essential fatty acids like Gamma linolenic acid (GLA) can prevent cholesterol from concentrating in the body.

Spirulina can also reduce bad cholesterol. In a study where 15 male volunteers took 4.2 grams of spirulina per day showed a statistically significant reduction of LDL (bad cholesterol) with no significant change in HDL (good cholesterol). Researchers also measured a significant decrease in the atherogenic effect, a measure of fat desposition in arteries4.

Spirulina and C-phycocyanin can have a protective and preventative effect on heart attacks5 6 7. Studies have shown spirulina and C-phycoyanin can significantly protect from cardiotoxic effects (studies based on mice)8.

Spiralyne spirulina tablets can safely help improve endurance levels.


Amino acids can play an important role in exercise, especially the branched-chain amino acids; valine, isoleucine and leucine. The branched-chain amino acids are unique because they are not metabolized in the liver but in the muscle instead, hence the name, ‘muscle aminos’.

Branched-chain amino acids are important as they help muscle under intense training. In an experiment using swimmers, one group was given branched-chain amino acids and the other a placebo. The branched-chain amino acid group experienced less muscle breakdown after intense exercise9. Studies show that taking essential amino acids, including branched-chain amino acids, before exercise triggers anabolic processes – the increased blood flow you get from training increases the amino acid entry into muscle.

Branched-chain amino acids can lessen muscle damage during exercise and block what is called delayed-onset muscle soreness following intense training10. Sixteen women and 14 men took five grams of branched-chain amino acids before doing seven sets of 20-rep squats, resting two minutes between sets. Some of the subjects got a placebo. Those who took the branched-chain amino acids had significantly less soreness than the placebo group; the results were more significant in the male subjects. The researchers think that the results may be a combination the branched-chain amino acids’ decreasing muscle breakdown and leucine’s stimulation of muscle protein synthesis (anabolism).

Spiralyne spirulina tablets contain all the essential amino acids (including branched-chain amino acids).



1Dekkers J, van Doornen L, Kemper H (1996). “The role of antioxidant vitamins and enzymes in the prevention of exercise-induced muscle damage“. Sports Med 21 (3): 213–38. doi:10.2165/00007256-199621030-00005. PMID 8776010

2Peake J (2003). “Vitamin C: effects of exercise and requirements with training“. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 13 (2): 125–51. PMID 1294582

3Jakeman P, Maxwell S (1993). “Effect of antioxidant vitamin supplementation on muscle function after eccentric exercise“. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 67 (5): 426–30. doi:10.1007/BF00376459. PMID 8299614

4Nakaha, N. Y. Homa, Y. Goto. “Cholesterol lowering effect of spirulina“. Nutr. Rep Int. 1988:37:1329-1337

5Khan M, Shobha JC, Mohan IK, Naidu MU, Sundaram C, Singh S, Kuppusamy P, Kutala VK (2005) “Protective effect of Spirulina against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity“. Phytother Res 19(12) 1030-1037

6Khan M, Varadharaj S, Shobba JC, Naidu MU, Parinandi NL, Kutala VK, Kuppusamy P (2006) “C-Phycocyanin ameliorates doxorubicin-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in adult rat cardiomyocytes“. J Cardiovasc Pharmacology 47(1) 9-20.

7Khan M, Varadharaj S, Ganesan LP, Shobha JC, Naidu MU et al (2005) “C-phycocyanin protects against ischemia-reperfusion injury of heart through involvement of p38 MAPK and ERK signalling“. Am J Physiol-Heart Circulatory Physiol 290(5) H2136-2145

8Mao TK, Van de Water J and Gershwin ME (2000) “Effect of spirulina on the secretion of cytokines from peripheral blood mononuclear cells.” J Med Food 3(3) 135-140

9Tang, F. (2006). “Influence of branched-chain amino acid supplementation on urinary protein metabolite concentrations after swimming.” J Am Coll Nutr. 25:188-94

10De Palo, E., et al. (2001). “Plasma lactate, GH and GH-binding protein levels in exercise following BCAA supplementation in athletes.” Amino Acids. 20:1-11.